Uganda's coffee is still leading in Africa, an indication that there is an assured international market for the country's top income earner.
To maintain the market, there is need promote value chains in coffee to encourage the youth to tap into the value chain and export more coffee products.
Many Ugandans are opposed to the idea of farmers repeatedly buying seeds to plant. It is one of their main reasons for opposing biotechnology products—hybrid seed, bio-fortified beans, bio-fortified sweet potato vines, tissue-culture banana plantlets —to mention but a few. "The farmers should be spared the burden of purchasing seed and instead encouraged to save seed from their previous harvests," many say.
According to a document, Science-Based Improvements of Rural/Subsistence Agriculture, prepared by Academy of Science of South Africa (Assaf), Africa's crop production is the lowest in the world at 1.7 tonnes per hectare compared to 4.0 tonnes per hectare, which is the global average.
On 31st July 2012 the NUCAFE strategic plan 2012- 2016 was launched. This ceremony was plea sided by Minister of state for Agriculture, Honorable Professor Z. M Nyira.
During the ceremony Board Chairman Hon. Gerald Ssendaula and his Vice chairman Cyprian Bangirana were all present. See more in our photo gallery.
Uganda expects its July coffee exports to fall 26 percent to 280,000 60-kg bags compared with the same month in 2011 due to farmers holding off sales in expectation of better prices, the Uganda Coffee Development Authority (UCDA) said on Monday.
The east African country, Africa's leading exporter of the beans, shipped 375,843 bags in July last year.
"Farmers and exporters are still holding on to their stocks as they anticipate better prices at various levels of the value chain," state-run UCDA said in a monthly report.
Farm gate prices for processed Robusta cherries averaged 4,000 shillings ($1.61) per kilo compared with 4,500 a year ago, UCDA said.
Cumulatively, Uganda has exported about 2 million bags of coffee in the first nine months of the 2011/2012 (Oct-Sep) season valued at $293.6 million compared with 2.1 million bags worth $300.6 million in the same period a year ago.
South and southwestern regions, which produce 45 percent of the country's coffee crop, are currently at the peak of a harvest season.
Uganda primarily cultivates the Robusta variety and substantially relies on exports of coffee for its foreign exchange earnings. ($1 = 2480.0000 Ugandan shillings).
COFFEE farmers in the Rwenzori mountainous sub-region have a reason to smile after the recent introduction of a new Arabica coffee variety. Each coffee tree of the new variety yields 4kg compared to the old variety that produces 2kg.
“This new coffee variety (SL14) is also resistant to various diseases, has a good aroma and is drought-resistant. Unlike the old varieties that take three to five years to mature, this one takes two years,” said Tress Bucyanayandi, the agriculture minister.
The minister said every village in the benefiting districts will have a nursery operator of the new variety. He was speaking to Kasese and Kamwenge farmers and district officials recently during the launch of a sh2b coffee development project.